Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II received entangled within the 1953 coup d’etat in Iran after US diplomats mistook the RMS ‘Queen Elizabeth’ cruise ship for the newly enthroned royal, not too long ago found paperwork counsel.
Shortly after ascending to the throne, the Queen inadvertently performed a key function within the regime-change op that ousted Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, new analysis by Richard Aldrich, a professor on the College of Warwick, reveals. His work on the paperwork and cables will probably be featured in a Channel four documentary in Britain on Sunday.
The Iranian PM was focused for his transfer to nationalize Iran’s oil trade which was operated completely by the Anglo-Persian Oil Firm (AIOC), later often known as British Petroleum (BP). The then-International Secretary Anthony Eden, who was one of many foremost figures behind the brewing CIA and MI6 operation, was attempting to persuade Iran’s shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to again the coup. The monarch was very reluctant to take action – as he was truly able to pack up and reside in exile. Eden then known as upon US diplomats to press the shah into backing the coup.
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Whereas speaking with the People, Eden occurred to be touring aboard the RMS ‘Queen Elizabeth’, an ocean liner named after the Queen’s mom. The coincidence apparently confused American officers and in the end yielded the next telegram, despatched in February 1953 by the US Embassy in London to the envoy in Iran, Loy W. Henderson.
International Workplace this afternoon knowledgeable us of receipt message from Eden from Queen Elizabeth expressing concern at newest developments re Shah and robust hope we are able to discover some technique of dissuading him from leaving nation.
The diplomats promptly realized their mistake, sending a comply with up cable that warned “Queen Elizabeth refers, after all to vessel and never … to monarch.” The embassy additionally recommended masking the entire thing up, stating that the Embassy “doesn’t (repeat not) suggest to tell [the] British of the incident.” But, Henderson had already delivered the message to the shah.
“I had simply obtained message indicating that essential personage for whom shah had most pleasant emotions had additionally expressed honest hope that shah might be dissuaded from leaving nation,” Henderson wrote in a diplomatic cable on a later day.
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It is unclear how a lot influence the badly-worded message of Queen Elizabeth II’s alleged help had on the shah’s plans for exile, however he determined to remain. The monarch solely left the nation briefly in August amid the continuing coup. The regime-change op succeeded, ensuing within the downfall of Mosaddegh and empowerment of the shah, who was in the end ousted by the Islamic Revolution of 1979.
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